The hottest PM25 will be included in the daily mon

2022-09-22
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PM2.5 will be included in daily monitoring. The prospect of the ambient air monitoring instrument industry is broad.

half of the rivers and mountains are shrouded in haze, and 10 billion yuan of air wealth is broken.

in the next five years, an urban ambient air monitoring network will cover all prefecture level cities and some counties in the country, and new monitoring content will be added. Now, olfactory businessmen have targeted the air quality monitoring instrument industry worth 10 billion yuan, Waiting for the industry blowout under the policy dividend

the new national standard has created new business opportunities

since 2011, the "national standard" revision meeting of air quality has been held intensively. There are many signs that PM2.5 is almost certain to be included in daily monitoring. In the past October, the haze in Beijing Tianjin Hebei, the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and other regions came from this guy called PM2.5

with the establishment of an ambient air quality monitoring network that will cover cities above the prefecture level nationwide, the new monitoring indicators will bring huge business opportunities to the unknown environmental monitoring instrument industry

pm2.5 refers to particles with a diameter of less than or equal to 2.5 microns, mainly from coal-fired power plants, vehicle exhaust emissions and dust. Like PM10 (inhalable particulate matter), both can be inhaled into the lungs, carrying viruses and bacteria. Under the same mass concentration, the more the number of fine particles per unit volume, the greater the harm. That is, PM2.5 is more harmful to human body than PM10

according to the air quality guidelines updated by who in 2005, more and more countries have incorporated the monitoring of PM2.5 into the air pollution index system. However, in China's current "ambient air quality standard", only the "old three items" of PM10, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides must be measured. So far, PM2.5 has not been separately listed as an air quality index

in fact, as early as 2007, Beijing and other cities began to prepare for PM2.5 monitoring. So far, several of the 27 monitoring points in Beijing have been equipped with PM2.5 testers, but the official data are "measured but not sent"

in May, 2011, the Ministry of environmental protection issued the notice on carrying out the pilot monitoring work of the urban ambient air quality assessment measures (Trial), and selected one city in each of 26 provinces to pilot new monitoring projects. The new contents include: PM2.5, carbon monoxide, ozone, lead, benzopyrene (a carcinogen), etc. The good news goes beyond that. Since November 1, China has issued the environmental protection industry standard of gravimetric method for the determination of PM10 and PM2.5 in ambient air, and began to regulate the determination of PM2.5. This is also the first revision of the 1986 method for determination of airborne dust concentration

this also means that with the comprehensive monitoring of new indicators such as PM2.5, more than 600 air automatic monitoring sub stations in more than 330 cities above the prefecture level will successively install relevant monitoring equipment

"the market prospect of air quality monitoring is broad, and haze monitoring will become a new profit growth point of atmospheric monitoring." Liu Guoyun, assistant to the president of Hebei Xianhe Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Xianhe environmental protection), a leading enterprise of environmental monitoring instruments, told

in fact, during the 12th Five Year Plan period, in addition to PM2.5, the monitoring of organic pollutants, ozone, carbon monoxide, heavy metals and greenhouse gases has gradually become the focus of national air quality monitoring

in 2010, Zhang Zhongjie and Lin Sheng, analysts of Anxin securities, studied and analyzed that the overall market size of the air automatic monitoring system is expected to be more than 3000 sets in three years. According to incomplete statistics, by 2010, the market capacity of environmental monitoring instruments has increased to 11billion yuan

now, this figure can help improve the efficiency of packaging and sorting in plastic recycling, and it can be more optimistic. Once 340 cities above prefecture level across the country gradually realize all automatic monitoring, more than 2000 counties in China will be the next big users of monitoring instruments. In addition, prefecture level cities need to be improved, provincial capital cities need to be upgraded, rural monitoring points need to be established, and the ambient air monitoring instrument industry is likely to give birth to "Billionaires"

policy "dependence"

air monitoring, although this is a virgin land worth 10 billion and has not been really reclaimed, it suffers from serious policy dependence

according to the technical personnel of the atmospheric chamber of China environmental monitoring station, around 2000, when the country started to establish automatic environmental monitoring from 47 key environmental protection cities, the vast majority of cities in the country still rely on manual monitoring. It took ten years for the automatic environmental quality monitoring system to gradually spread across the country. So far, it has not covered all county-level cities, and there are still many gaps in rural monitoring stations

the reasons are insufficient financial resources, and full coverage takes time. The above-mentioned technicians clearly remember that during the central special action on major pollutant emission reduction in 2008, the state and local governments invested 12billion in the field of environmental protection, "this is the first time to basically realize automatic air monitoring in all cities above the prefecture level"

and Liu Guoyun also admitted, "the starting and strengthening of the first river are inseparable from national policies."

in the 1980s, China began to monitor and forecast air quality. Interestingly, this measure was neither highly conscious by the government nor concerned by the public, but under the pressure of environmental diplomacy. "At the beginning, 100% of the equipment was imported, and only manual sampling was used for monitoring. It was not until Clinton visited China in 1998 that he introduced the continuous urban air quality monitoring system of the American Mississippi company." Liu Guoyun said

by the 1990s, local enterprises such as Xianhe environmental protection and Wuhan Tianhong Instrument Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Wuhan Tianhong) had seen business opportunities and began research and development, but could not immediately achieve the purpose of replacing imports, and a number of environmental monitoring joint ventures have emerged in China

with the state encouraging the localization of monitoring system, the first set of "urban air quality continuous automatic monitoring system" with independent intellectual property rights in China was developed, and soon it participated in the national unified bidding and then sold to the whole country. Until around 2000, the localization of complete sets of monitoring equipment really started

unlike those enterprises that are good at seizing policy opportunities, Anhui Institute of Optics and precision machinery of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (hereinafter referred to as Anhui Institute of Optics and machinery) has taken another path

in the 1990s, the Chinese Academy of Sciences encouraged subordinate research institutes to innovate and required each institute to have its own advantages. Since there is more than one Institute of Optics and mechanics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics has taken advantage of its expertise in key disciplines of Environmental Optics to embark on the road of research and development of optical environmental monitoring instruments

the "transformation" of Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics coincided with the phase of environmental monitoring from chemical analysis to environmental optical analysis. They began to focus on laboratory analysis from on-site sampling, and then gradually turned to automatic monitoring with the output of building steel structures of 36million tons, 41million tons and 46million tons respectively

with the decomposition of the target of reducing the emission of major pollutants by 10% in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan", important pollution sources have been included in the scope of national monitoring, and the enthusiasm of local governments to purchase environmental monitoring equipment has been rekindled

domestic PK imported

at present, there are more than ten domestic manufacturers providing air quality monitoring systems, including Hebei Xianhe, Wuhan Tianhong, Anhui Landun optoelectronics Co., Ltd., Beijing Zhongsheng Tyco Environmental Technology Development Co., Ltd., API (automatic precision engineering company (5) the spring fatigue testing machine is simple to operate), Thermo Fisher, Ecotech and monitor in Australia French ESA and other enterprises also provide monitoring equipment in China, either wholly-owned or joint venture or through agents

among them, the market share of leading enterprises' pioneering environmental protection is 40%, and Thermo Fisher ranks second, accounting for 33%. In addition, there are some companies without core technology and independent intellectual property rights in the industrial chain, which have a certain market share by OEM or acting as agents for foreign products

a dealer who acts as an agent for foreign products told that imported instruments are superior to domestic equipment in accuracy, accuracy and average trouble free operation hours. The accuracy of the former can reach ppt level (one trillion), while the accuracy of domestic equipment can only reach ppb level (one billion)

China environmental monitoring station and monitoring departments at all levels are currently the largest users of all kinds of environmental monitoring equipment. As users, the technicians of China environmental monitoring station have no intention to evaluate the equipment manufacturers. However, the technician also saw that the follow-up of domestic equipment had reduced the price of expensive imported equipment by one-third to one-half. For environmental monitoring equipment, in addition to product quality, after-sales service is also very attractive to users. Some domestic manufacturers have slightly better services due to more points. However, he also hopes that with the development of technology, the quality and durability of domestic products will be further improved

as a leader in the industry, pioneer environmental protection admitted to Nanfang Weekend that compared with foreign products, domestic instruments have a gap in process and long-term operation stability. Taking the trouble free operation cycle as an example, the foreign instruments can last for two months or even longer, while the domestic ones are slightly shorter. In addition, the domestic environmental monitoring instrument industry has a short development time and a poor industrial foundation. Liu Guoyun mentioned that Xianhe environmental protection was listed on the gem in 2010, to a certain extent, to solve the financial difficulties

however, Liu Jianguo, deputy director of Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics, cannot agree to look at domestic instruments with "colored glasses". He said that the world's first PM2.5 environmental monitor was manufactured by RP company of the United States, which was later acquired by thermoelectric company of the United States. The second such machine was developed by Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics, thus breaking the myth that high-end equipment depends on imports

he also mentioned that at the beginning of the development of the air monitoring sub station of Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics, a foreign company doubted that Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics had adopted their technical route in a design, but when the relevant research and development team of Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics sent the other party the idea of a German professor on the structure many years ago and the invention patent of the improved technical path of Anhui Institute of Optics and mechanics, the company then sent a written apology

waiting for the arrival of policy dividends

the environmental monitoring instrument industry is ready to go. "We have made reserves in the automatic monitoring and early warning of atmospheric composite pollution (haze), waiting for the arrival of policy dividends." Liu Guoyun confidently told. According to the statistics of China's environmental monitoring work in 2009, at that time, the national environmental monitoring funds were more than 5.5 billion, and there were more than 150000 sets of environmental monitoring instruments. Among them, there were more than 1400 monitoring points of ambient air quality that had been built and were under construction, urging all regions and departments to carry out work in a down-to-earth manner, and there were 661 monitoring points controlled by China. All state-controlled monitoring points have achieved automatic air quality monitoring, and the data has been directly transmitted to the China environmental monitoring station, which has been made public to the public, and the hourly values of monitoring indicators have been published in real time on the network

a strong monitoring network seems to have been formed. However, Liu Guoyun is still worried, "the development of the environmental monitoring instrument industry in China is still relatively scattered and has not attracted public attention." Moreover, even the China Environmental Protection Industry Association, which is specially responsible for the management of environmental monitoring equipment, said it could do nothing when asking for data, "the current domestic level is only the overall data of environmental monitoring equipment, and there is no detailed information of the air monitoring industry."

with the continuous improvement of national environmental monitoring technical requirements, the air quality monitoring equipment industry is bound to restructure the market. It is worth noting that in order to improve the quality of monitoring data and reduce monitoring costs, gold panning has been set up in the environmental monitoring industry

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